Thursday, September 21, 2017

Balkan Trip : Budva & Kotor, Montenegro


5 May.

Dari beautiful and historical old town of Mostar, kami meneruskan lagi perjalanan menuju ke arah Tenggara Selatan of Mostar or Bosnia Herzegovina, ke satu lagi negara Balkan, yakni Montenegro. Wuhuuu mende pertama terbayang bila sebut Montenegro...kasino and judi errkkkk teruk betul otak.


Masih lagi melalui jajaran semenanjung Balkan dan pemandangan sebegini menyapa kami sepanjang perjalanan. Reason ada satu gamba cenggini sbb, ok, tertido agaknya.


Setelah melalui perjalanan lebih 200km menuju ke coastal line of Laut Adriatic, maka sampailah kami di boarder Montenegro. Masa kt boarder la kdg2 amik masa. But as a good samaritan, kami mmg selalu behave. Ada satu bas ter stranded tepi jalan sbb penumpang buat hal, bas omputih, siap tunjuk jari tengah masa kami lalu lepas check point...puiiii. Agaknya tgk muka senyum tarik napas lega kami kot dia annoying. So everyone, welcome to...Montenegro!


Okay, good bye republik Srpska.,..tak pernah dengo, tp one of constitutional or entity of Bosnia, sempadan dengan Montenegro.

Hari pun makin senja, kami terus melalui coastal line of Adriatic, the view mmg cantik giler, melalui gunung-ganang di pesisiran laut Adriatic. Can you imagine that? Macam melalui jalan tepi pantai tapi dari atas pergunungan. Subhanallah indahnya bumi the Designer. Tp sbb senja, lighting tak cantik, so takde gambo yg cantik from my phone. Pd malam ini akan bermalam di Budva, a medieval town in Montenegro on the Adriatic Sea.


Utk ke Budva town, kami perlu menaiki feri, dgn bas2 sekali masuk feri, perjalanan amat singkat I think dalam 20 minutes dah sampai di pekan.


Ahhh dah sampai hotel, dinner menunggu. Jadi ini la juadah kami malam ni...entree sblm dihidangkan dgn fish and chips.


Adeke selera tgk tu? Nangis perut Melayuku.


Ni tomyam versi Montenegro, seafood soup kekdahnya. Cicah ngan roti sblm depa wat keluo fish and chips. Bedal aje lah.


Chichi! chichi... sebuk berkicau-kicauan mcm burung pekerja hotel and resto greet kami ngan welcoming word tu. Where we stayed, tak salah hotel Kangaroo. Budva's Old Town pernah dilanda gempa bumi yg kuat pada tahun 1979, di mana 400 buildings musnah. Apa yg dilihat hari ini adalah dari kerja2 restoration of the city.


Melalui pokok bunga nak gi jalan2 kt pantai Budva before bertolak ke Kotor.




Melilau berjalan menuju ke pantai terjumpa one of the sweet couple jemaah kami so kami pun saing la cari pantai.

Budva was founded by the Greeks in the 4th century. In the Middle ages, the town was fortified, it forms the heart of 'Budva Riviera". The Budva Reviera runs 22 miles from Trsteno to Buljarica. 
This historic district is home to a seaside citadel and religious sites such as the Church of Santa Maria in Punta, established in the 9th century.

Montenegro pernah menjadi sebahagian dari Tito's Yugoslavia. Dari the famous Dubrovnic, Croatia utk sampai ke Budva mengambil masa kira2 2 jam.






Sementara tu berwefie ngan selfie puloh2 pikul sepanjang laluan. Masing2 keje bwk penyodok je. Bahagian coastal line ni berlatarbelakang kan limestone mountains, yg sebegitu jajarannya sepanjang laut Adriatik.



Halo... chichichichi... jumpa lah pantai, matahari malu2 nak keluar, tak lama tu ia pun shone so nicely warm. Pantai ni mcm berteluk, Budva mmg terkenal dgn pebble beachesnya, stretching about 8 miles, and dotted along with sheltered coves. The glamorous locals lepak for coffee and gossip katanya....tp pagi2 harinya tak nampak la manusia bersidai lg tepi pantainya.


 Serene blue waters of Adriatic. Tgk tu...pasir pantai yg kelihatan berkerikil. Budva is famous for it's sandy beaches and resorts, not sure which part of Budva beach ni. But this is not the ideal spot of swimming katanya, but there are several beaches within walking distance yg sesuai. Ada nudist beach juga uols. There are some private beaches yg terkenal dgn kehadiran selebriti dunia, ada yg membentuk some island utk private vacation. Ko mampu silakan....




Jumpa ngan jemaah lain.

Dah kenapa tu... if you have money...lots of them, boley la melabur beli hartanah kt Montenegro.

Termenung jauh sis.


Bercanda di tepian pantai. Sian kami kan... limited sgt tempat nak lawat asek kejo masa. Nak lawat Budva Old Town pun tak menyompek, dah tak jauh dr situ. But rasanya you have to pay like 2.5 Euro untuk masuk ke old city wall tepi laut tu, view mmg superb.


Setelah amik gambo perasan cenggini sampai suku memory card penuh, kami pun berjalan balik ke hotel untuk bersiap2 ke Kotor.


Dan lagi dia tu begambo kt celah pokok mentara tunggu bas mai,

Jadi kami pun bertolak menuju to the other historical and tourist site of Montenegro, Kotor.
From Kotor to Budva mengambil masa hanya lebih kurang setengah jam perjalanan. Yg ambil masa sket sbb jem nak masuk pekan tu oleh bas2 pelancong cam kami.


Dah masuk pekan Kotor.


Yeah.. ada Casino.


Maka sampai la di Old Town of Kotor, merangkap bandar maritime Montenegro. Nampak byk kapal di teluk Kotor ini, pemandangan dari sini sama macam di Budva, kelihatan jajaran gunung melingkari teluk ini.

"Kotor is a fortified town on Montenegro’s Adriatic coast, in a secluded bay near the limestone cliffs of Mt. Lovćen. Characterized by winding streets and squares, its medieval old town has several Romanesque churches, including Kotor Cathedral. It's also home to the Maritime Museum, which explores local seafaring history"

Apa yang menarik di sini adalah Old Town of Kotor, a town with old churches and cathedral, yg di katakan founded before Christ. So kami nak masuk ke dalam kota lama yg juga termasuk dlm tapak warisan dunia UNESCO ini.



Di perkarangan masuk Old Town, berhampiran main town gate. Not sure about ticket sbb all included in the trip.

Kotor disebut dalam dokumentasi back in 168 BC, ditubuhkan pada zaman ancient Roman dan ketika itu dikenali sbg Ascrivium (dari bahasa ancient Greek) yg merupakan sebahagian dari Roman province of Dalmatia. Ia dinamakan Kotor pada kurun ke 9.



The fountain near the fortress.

The fortification of the Old Town



Kotor is a fortified town. Kami melalui Kotor fortification sebelum ke main gate ke Old Town. This fortification was built during Venetian period, a Venetian work of defense between 15th to 17th century.


Sempat bergambo ngan geng dulu. Teruja nak masuk Old Town, silap tak buat research dulu, tak sempat aje.

ok, selpie dulu seround.

Ohhh cintaku tertinggal di Kotor...tajuk gambar ni. Tetiba ter photobomb.

Hi sistur, sume org sebuk bergambo je taim ni.


Cantik kan view from out side kota lama ni...

Bastion of Kotor

"Kotor's fortifications started to head up St John's Hill in the 9th century and by the 14th century a protective loop was completed, which was added to right up until the 19th century. The energetic can make a 1200m ascent up the fortifications via 1350 steps to a height of 260m above sea level; the views from up here are glorious. There are entry points near the North Gate and behind Trg od Salate; avoid the heat of the day and bring lots of water".



Tengok atas bukit St John tu... a fortification mcm great wall of China.Those are walls of the old fortress, dah berabad2 lamanya exist. Menjelang next centuries fortification di lengkapkan di keliling kota lama sebagaimana yg dilihat pd gambar sebelumnya. More to defense purposes. Ada juga puing2 castle lama dia atas bukit St John ini. Terkilan betul tak dapat naik atas tu (sebab tak de geng and krg info). Ada geng anak muda jemaah naik sampai atas and I tell you the view, kalau berphotos sgt awesome! Kelihatan small temple or chapel lama, the St George's Church yg dibina 1000 tahun dulu atas tu dan masih ada worshipper pd hari ini.

Back to history, kubu di atas city of Ascrivium (sebelum dinamakan Kotor) ini telah dibina pada zaman pertengahan (middle age), oleh Emperor Justinian pada thn 535. Emperor Justinian adalah emperor kepada Roman era yg ketika itu sebelum terbahagi kepada 2 parts, satu di western part, di mana the seating of Roman adalah di Rome, dan di bahagian timur adalah Byzantine yg terletak di Constantinople. Kisah emperor Justinian ini di gambarkan pada lukisan mosaic di Hagia Sophia, antaranya di depicted bersama Jesus Christ. Kisahnya Kak Yong kongsikan dia entry Istanbul.

View from St John's Hill, overlooked the Kotor's Bay, image google. Klu aku bergambo bokeh tang ni... hebohlah org kampung. denggg why? why dok dang naik hokaloh.


Jalan lagi menuju ke main gate utk enter kota lama.
Kotor satu ketika dulu hampir musnah dek earthquakes yang besar pada tahun 1563 dan 1667.



Tak lama kemudian, sampai lah di main gate of the Old Town.


 Di depan Main gate, pintu masuk utama ke kota lama.

Kotor itu dari sejak penubuhan kotanya telah menjadi ancaman kepada kuasa luar, dari empire jiran dan tak terkecuali, empire Ottoman.

1002 - Occupation of the First Bulgarian Empire
1003 - It was ceded to Serbia
1371 - Under Hungarian king who ruled Croatia and Hungary
1384 - part of Kingdom of Bosnia
13th century - Dominican and Franciscan monasteries were established
1420 - the suzerainty of the Republic Venice

Kota ini bernaung di bawah Venetian republic dari 1420 to 1797. Ketika di bawah kekuasaan Venetian, Kotor telah di tawan oleh Ottoman empire iaitu pada tahun 1538 dan 1657. However, tidak satu pun kesan peninggalan Ottoman spt masjid Ottoman yang Kak Yong nampak di kota lama ini. Probably dimusnahkan terus oleh penguasa selepas Ottoman.  Ini adalah kerana Ottoman Empire hanya sempat berkuasa dalam tempoh yg sangat singkat.

Between 18th to 19th century the city was under the ruling of Kingdom of Italy and French empire. Kemudian diserahkan kepada kuasa monarki Habsburg (Austrian). Ahhhh macam bola pulak Kotor ni ditendang sana sini, Pening pala Kak Yong baca historynya. Senang citer, after 1918, the city became a part of Yugoslavia and officially became known as Kotor

  
Entering the Old Town. Area ini dinamakan Arms Square, yang kelihatan di sini adalah
Town Clock Tower which dates back from 1602.


Tunggu apa lagi, che tot la seround dua.


Masa sblm masuk TG ada edarkan map utk navigate dlm kota lama. Kak Yong kau dgn map tak de jodoh, alangkan ngan Waze pun Kak Yong sesat, ini kan lagik printed map. Tak reti baca map, kita tangkap gambo org baca map pun ok lah ...dpt menyenangkan ati sket.


And so we dare to be sesated..... wuuut wuuut yg belakang tu... ok la ada geng kaki selpie.


Bangunan di kota lama ni perlu melalui lorong atau streets yg sempit. Berjalan le mengikut kaki mana yg ia mau tuju. Had I known ada geng panjat gunung tu...musti mau ikut. Tapi bila Google, mak aiiii... pikir 80 kali gek tgk tingginya tu.

The St Tryphon's Cathedral


Kemudian kami melalui St Tryphon's square. Di sini letaknya St Tryphon's cathedral, a catholic cathedral sacredly declared in 12th century. Sebahagian dari binaan Romanesque gereja ini pernah musnah dalam earthquake pada thn 1667. Its gilded silver bas-relief altar screen is considered Kotor’s most valuable treasure. 




In the streets of Kotor... mak aiii macam2 nama square and streetnya.


Kemudian kami melewati The old prison building or Zgrada starog zatvora fuhhh nama.... Jumpa lah pili air lama ni.


Apa lagi posing je lah.



Four centuries of Venetian domination have given the city the typical Venetian architecture, that contributes to make Kotor a UNESCO world heritage site.



Berjalan lagi melalui lorong yang sempit di kota lama... dah ropa berjalan kt setinggan je ni, ngan kain bersidaian cumanya bersih lah.



Because of the close and 'intimate' structure, tak berapa nampak gambaran the whole city unless you are good with the map. Kak Yong dah lama dah masuk beg map yg depa bagi tu.


So Kak Yong pun merambu jelah amik selpie seploh tong sd card.


chey chey cheyyy bajet che tot kata ko. Di one of the streets yg byk jual souvenirs. Dah dtg beli je lah dek non. Tgk harga sebiji FM tu...dlm rm12.50 satu. nak bg kt kakak, adik, ipar, duai, kawan, kawan opis, sepupu, mak sedara belah dua pupu, pupu kepada mak tiri jiran sebelah...ohoiii mengcongkam ni. 


dalam 100 shoot jugak la nak jd cenggini. Geram je sis Kak Yong kena marah sbb amik gambo tak jadi kahkah...bokeh jangan tak bokeh...lebih kpd explore the phone ni.


No wonder, rupa-rupanya ada Cats Museum kt sini. Tapi tak de pun jumpa kucingnya, or maybe ada la sekor dua.



Ok, jalan lagi dan ini berhampiran The old city walls. Ok, tangan pegang map, props je.





Now kami melewati The craft street or Zanatska ulica. Kt sini nama streets and square agak funny - ada Salad square and Flour Square. Must be named with purposes kan..





Eh jumpa bunga...


In one of the streets, not sure. Banyak cafe and resto along the streets, about kediaman tak sure, maybe la kediaman for the locals. Di Kotor, ianya di diami oleh lebih kurang 130k umat manusia, but of sure bukan sumenya kt kota lama ni sbb there are other parts of Kotor as well.



St Luke's Church at St Luca's Square or Trg Sv Luke

Ok, kami tiba pula di St Luca's square yang menempatkan St Luke's Church. For me kota lama ni more to spiritual cities for the christians, sbb ramai jugak jemaah missionaries and the worshippers yang datang kt sini. Bunyi dentingan loceng dari churches, chapel and cathedral bersahut-sahutan selang jam sepanjang berada di sini.

"Little St Luke’s speaks volumes about the history of Croat-Serb relations in Kotor. It was constructed in 1195 as a Catholic church, but from 1657 until 1812 Catholic and Orthodox altars stood side by side, with each faith taking turns to hold services here. It was then gifted to the Orthodox Church. Fragments of 12th-century frescoes still survive along with two wonderfully painted iconostases: a 17th-century one in the main church and one from the 18th-century in the chapel of St Spiridon, another saint venerated by both faiths".

Macam jugak kt kota Melaka binaan kt sini.


St Nicholas Church.

Tak jauh dari St Luke's Church, ada St Nicholas Church. Built in 1909, it is considered as a new church in Kotor. If I'm not mistaken kata TG tu, if you look at the St's eyes kt ateh tu, the St will look back at you...okay aku cam dengo tu kt luo kota...or dalam bas. Or aku mimpi sbb tertido dlm bas, tak pasti lah. 
Ada banyak old chapel and church kt old town ni. In 2011, 78% citizens of Kotor were Orthodox Christians, while 13% were listed as Roman Catholic.




Kami lewati lagi lorong2 di old town. Nothing much you can do (if you're not visiting the churches here), maybe drink a cuppa coffe.


And selfie sampai memory and sd card nak penuh. Back to the arm square.


2 icons kt depan main gate, arghh deng... tak dan amik gambo sbb que ramai beno..ngefans banget ama kamu donk. Pastu terjumpa la plak TG kekwat tgh tunggu dan usha jemaah cam hoiii cepat, masa, masa tu mana... so teruih la ligan keluar kota. Damn that TG.



So again, melewati fortifications and fountain. Bapak...amik lagi 1k gambo.



The Town Wall.






Selpie. chey chey chey



Okay, jemaah dah melepak tepi town wall ni sementara menunggu cukup korum. Nasib la yg kt belakang nak mengadap yg mulia TG kahkah. Giler betul punctuality dia. Benda tu bagus, tp no need to jerit2 jerkah bagai like people are children. Pastu dalam bas ngendeng2 gurau2 balik waklu. Ok, aku pun kdg2 layan dia sbb dia pnyer pengetahuan am byk bagus hor. Dan dia pun cam cute gek mahahaha. Cam baran tp sweet. Cam dangerous tapi cute. Damn psaiko  ntahapa2 Kak Yong. Ok, dalam trip ni dia panggil aku Ms Trouble kuangajo.



All right, cukup korum kami pun bertolak la untuk ke next destination : Albania. Nantikan next entry bai uols.


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